The following is the ZKA Kobukan Syllabus:

Individual training syllabus (For Adults)

Junbi Undo(Preparatory Exercises):

Junbi Undo is set of warm-up exercises designed by Miyagi Chojun Sensei to prepare the practitioner for rigorous training. Prior to Miyagi Chojun Sensei’s Junbi Undo, Karate training did not start with any warm-up exercises. Apart from warming up the limbs and body of the practitioner, Junbi Undo also includes several exercises which are pertinent to the Goju-Ryu system and they enhancesthe practitioner’s ability to execute certain Goju-Ryu techniques.

Kihon Waza (Basic Techniques)

Basic techniques include stances, basic blocks, punches and kicks, as well as movement (Yido). The practitioner will learn how to move and turn, and in the process using certain transitory stances or postures to execute certain attacking or defending techniques. The student will also learn to execute combinations of Kihon Waza.

Kata :

The Kata is a pre-arranged sequence of movement and techniques. It is used to teach the student about body mechanics and the ability to generate power when executing Goju-Ryu techniques and how to shift from each technique to the next without losing momentum or power when one is in a fluid situation. Goju-Ryu has 12 katas, these are as follows: 1) Sanchin, 2) Gekisai-Dai-Ichi, 3) Gekisai-Dai-Ni 4)Saifa 5)Seiyunchin 6)Sanseru 7)Shisochin 8)Seipai 9)Kururunfa 10)Seisan 11)Suparimpei 12)Tensho

Hojo Undo (Supplementary Exercises):

Hojo Undo is a set of upplementary training which is traditionally taught in the Goju-Ryu system, and it includes the use of specially designed weights (Such as the Chi-Ishi, Nigiri-game, Kongoken,etc) to increase the power or speed that one generates when executing Goju-Ryu techniques. Hojo Undo also includes the striking of selective objects (Such as the Makiwara) to harden certain parts of the body. Hojo Undo is a vital aspect of Goju-Ryu training and it is designed to complement and supplement all other aspects of Goju-Ryu karate training.

Two person training syllabus (For Adults)

Tai Atari/Ude Tanren/Ashi Tanren (Body Conditioning/Arm Conditioning/Leg Conditioning)

When body and limb conditioning is performed with a training partner rather than against a piece of equipment, the practitioner has to adapt himself to the partner’s rhythm, differing angle of attack as well as his strength and power. This gives the training a sense of fluidity which is absent in single-person body conditioning training.

Sandan gi (Three level attack and defence combination exercise)

Sandan gi translates to mean three-level (Three level) techniques (gi). It is a training sequence in which one party initiates three attacks towards the head-level, chest-level and lower level in that sequence, and the other party defends each technique and applies counter-attacking techniques in the process. Sandan-gi may be performed with the practitioners standing still, or they could move forwards (in the case of the attacker) and backwards (in the case of the defender). When moving, the parties could move in a straight line or Tai-Sabaki movements may be introduced. Sandan-gi introduces movement rhythm and technique combinations to the student and prepares the student for other aspects of karate training.


Kakie is more than a hand-pushing exercise. It allows the practitioners to develop “muchimi”, and learn to divert the other parties’ strength and to unbalance them. It is also a platform to practice Close-quarter Uchi waza (striking techniques), Gyaku Waza (joint-locks), Shime Waza (Choking techniques), and Nage-Waza (Throws and takedowns). Kakie training is an important aspect of Goju-Ryu karate.

Kata Bunkai (Kata Interpretation)

Kata Bunkai refers to the interpretation of the movements and techniques within a kata. Kata bunkai training allows the practitioner to physically understand the meaning behind each kata movement, and it allows the practitioner to utilize the body mechanics that each kata teaches to perform various attacking and defending techniques.

Ne-Waza (Ground techniques)

Ne-Waza or ground fighting techniques have always been part of traditional Okinawan Karate.In the Goju-Ryu system Ne-Waza is a supplementary system and part of a wider family of techniques, its emphasis being to disable an opponent’s ability to resist, or to dis-engage from the opponent on the ground as quickly as possible.

Yasoku kumite (Controlled sparring)

Yasoku Kumite refers to sparring training in which either the number of techniques used is limited, or the sequence of technique execution is limited. It is a type of sparring training designed to focus the practitioners on a particular selection of techniques.

Randori (Light Free-Sparring) and Irikumi (Close in free sparring)

Randori refers to light free-sparring whose objective is to allow the practitioners to experiment with their techniques and combinations rather than to overcome their opponents. Irikumi refers to free-sparring at close-quarters. In Irikuni-Ju (Soft) the objective is to suppress the opponent’s attack and to control or overcome the opponent with the use of technique rather than power. In irikumi-go (Hard), the practitioners puts full-power behind their techniques with the objective in mind to overcome their opponents as quickly as possible.